Tuesday, 23 July 2024

Urban climate in Central European cities and global climate change

Supporting organization

International Visegrad Fund as a standard grant (No. 21410222)

Duration of the project

01. 01. 2014. - 31. 12. 2015.

Participants of the project

Jagiellonian University and Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Krakow, Poland

Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Bratislava, Slovakia

Global Change Research Centre AS CR, Brno, Czech Republic

Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic

Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Vienna, Austria

University of Szeged, Department of Climatology and Landscape Ecology

Aim of the project

Urban areas are among those most endangered with the potential global climate changes. The studies concerning the impact of global changes on local climate of cities are of a high significance for the urban inhabitants' health and wellbeing. The project aims to raise the public awareness on those issues in four Central European cities: Szeged (Hungary), Brno (the Czech Republic), Bratislava (Slovakia) and Krakow (Poland), by delivering the results of contemporary scientific research to the decision makers, local authorities and all interested persons. The urban areas in Central Europe after the II World War developed differently than in Western Europe, due to political and economic conditions. Therefore, the urban structure is also different and the urban climate studies must include those specific features. Within the project, complex data concerning local geomorphological features, land use and long-term climatological data will be used to perform the climate modelling analyses using the model MUKLIMO_3 provided by the German (DWD) and Austrian (ZAMG) weather services. Brno, Bratislava and Krakow are located in river valleys with complex relief features, while Szeged is located on a flat area. The modelling approach is designed to evaluate possible changes in urban heat load under future climate conditions. The MUKLIMO_3 model is able to include the role of the relief in controlling the urban climate which is a unique feature comparing to other similar tools available.


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